GEOGRAPHY OF JASHPUR REGION
Jashpur district is divided in
two parts as per the geographical point of views.The hilly belt,the northern part, running
from Loroghat kastura,Narayanpur ,Bagicha up to the Surguja district.This belt having
forest area.It has a reserve forest also. It covers the Sanna,Bagicha and narayanpur.This
pat area is called
uppar Ghat. Upper ghat is climed through
Loroghat.Loroghat is about 4 KM in length and there
are three turnings of very dangerous. And the remaining southern part is called
nichghat.In jashpur raigarh road , there are two more ghats , Jhanda bhat
before Kansabel and Belaghat after Kansabel.Both are of climbing.
north south length of this district is about 150 Kms, and its east-west breadth is about
85 Kms. Its total area is 6,205 Sq.Km . It lies in the Northern corner of Chhattisgarh
adjoining the border of Bihar ,Jharkhand & Orissa in the eastern side. It is between
22dig 17min And 23dig 15min North latitude and 83dig 30min And 84dig 24min East latitude.
The upper ghat is an extension plateau covering 1384 sq. Kms. Which is about 1200 meters
above sea level and is covered with the dense forest. The elevated plateau called
"Pat" Nichghat is plane in
general.But It also having many big mountains .Kunkuri is the hottest region in
nichghat during summer and
Pandrapat is the coldest
region in uppar ghat in winter.
main towns situated on the national high way
(N.H.78) are Ludam, Gholeng and Jashpur in the Uppar ghat and Kunkuri, Bandarchuwan,
Kansabel, Ludeg and Patthalgaon.The running raods from Jashpur H.Q are (1) Jashpur Ranchi
.(2) Jashpur Ambikapur via Manora, Kusmi (170). (3) Jashpur Ambikapur via Sanna Bagicha
(170Km). These 2 and 3 are not all weather road. (4) Jashpur Ambikapur via Kunkuri
,patthalgaon (200 Km).
is the level sharing point of Jashpur. Every down slops starts from the patthar or hill
but even of the hilly area Jashpur district level is sharing from a plane field area.Just
from a point water flows in two direction.One is in the north and second is in the south.
As per the proverve ( a lok katha) there are two children of a family (a brother and a
sister) guarding crops.The were misbehaved by their step mother.They guard the field whole
day but did not go for lunch.Both were very hangry.They have a strow shed near a sarna
(worship place of tribales where number of high trees were standing).The found two
eggs.They did not had fire so did not cook it. They ate it each one. As soon as they ate,
they became snak because the eggs were of snak.The both went into a pond just near they
had.The pond was very small but as and when the entred into ,it became big and it became
all weather pater pond. Now both are in the shape of snak. They became very sad by being
snak but nothing could be done. They discussed among them and decided to go out from this
pond and come here to visit every year on nagpanchmi. Sister named Banki went in the north
and Brother named Siri went in the south.Through where they went it formed a river. And
the name both these rivers are called Siri and Banki. As per their discussion and decision
of visiting every year both they still come to visit. They are stay in that pond and also
go to visit their family house.These are of a baiga family.The public of sitonga sitonga ,
organizing worship function every year and the baiga the Pujari was applying sindoor on
both snaks faces and giving some fruits and
foods for their eating.All were seeing then in a form of snak in a big shap and they were
calling it by local name
all the truth faded. But the pujari still worhip them and said by the pujari that they
still visist there family on nagpanchmi but not appeared as how they were being appeared
in the shape of snak. The do not appear because there is no heavy rain fall and river did
not over flow.
NAGLOK: Development Block Pharsabahar is called NAGLOK. Because every year
more than ten people die with snake bite.Now its graph is going down than previous.
Because Govt. is giving some care for this area. There
is a proposal for snake park in this block.
Gold pieces are found in this Pharasbahar area. Maini ,Sonajori and
Eve river are famous for the gold belts.Some specialist are observing about the presence
of Diamond in Eve river. Once in 1993 a team of kolkata
had found golds in mass volume and some
pieces of diamond also in eve river at Budekela
Near Eve Bridge. Budekela is the of water
storage in river. Now water do not stop here after excavating by the Kolkata team.
Tomato: Ludeg is the village of tomato.Large area of this village is planted
with Tomatoes in rainy season and the ripe tomatoes are found during October ,November,
December and January.Tomato traders come from Allahabad, Ranchi, Jharsuguda and nearby
districts with trucks and bamboo bags for carrying the tomato.Tommato of this area is
sweeter that other area. One can eat is as a fruit. But there is no any industry for its
Potato: The hilly (Pat) are of the Pandrapat is the mass producer of the
tomatoes. Some traders are also take the land in lease and plant it with the local
farmers. Govt. is also giving assistance (potato seeds) for the korwa families to raise up
Jackfruit: In upar ghat jashpur
H.Q region many households have planted
jackfruit trees in many numbers .Many big and small trees are found in every villages.These
fruits are found during March, April, May and June. Many traders come from Allahabad,
Gwalior and Ranchi and take for vegitable purpose in trucks and trains.
Manora block area is the belt of bauxite. All formalities has been
completed for its excavation.